Food is any material consumed to provide nutrition to the organisms. The body needs food to survive and grow. Food is generally of vegetable, animal, or fungi source, and normally contains necessary nutrients, including proteins, carbohydrates, vitamins, or minerals. Some food substances are very soluble in water, some are insoluble in water, and a few are soluble in both soluble and insoluble in water. The majority of foods are plant based, although animals eat some food substances, like animal meat and milk.
Plants are the primary source of life on Earth. It is believed that these plants obtain their nutrients from the water and from the air. Plants also use some substances in the process of photosynthesis, the process in which they convert light into energy. To meet their requirements, these foods must be rich in carbohydrates, proteins, lipids and vitamins.
The two main groups of food are animal origin and vegetable origin. Animal source food includes flesh, meats, fish, milk products, eggs, vegetables and fruits. Animal origin food contains mostly fat and protein. Plant origin food is composed mainly of carbohydrates, vitamins and minerals, with some substances providing plant protection. Fishes, for example, contain long chain fatty acids that protect the organism against harmful substances in the environment.
Each food is important to our nourishment. But in order to receive all the nutrients in 1 food, we need to consume in abundance. The question is “What kinds of foods are good for you?” The answer lies in identifying the type of nutrient content that each food provides.
Fruits and vegetables provide the most nourishment by supplying carbohydrates, vitamin A, vitamin C, fiber, and beta carotene. These substances are all necessary for a healthy body. But they do not provide all the nourishment that is needed. In fact, when you eat just one serving of fruits and vegetables, you get only about half the amount of the recommended daily intake of vitamins and other nutrients. This is why it is important to combine different foods to achieve a balanced diet.
Vegetables and fruits have come in many varieties that are great sources of nutrition. Therefore, it is wise to learn how to make use of these foods in delicious ways. Combining cooked or raw vegetables with cooked or raw meats is a great way of getting all the benefits of both kinds of food. Another combination is to mix cooked lentils with steamed or raw vegetables. This is a great source of proteins and the third food in the nutri-nutrient pyramid.
Nuts and seeds are used locally and add others to the list of foods that are good for you. The peanuts and almonds in Africa are an example of nuts and seeds that are used locally and provide a good source of protein and other nutrients. The Harlequin bean is another example of seeds and peanuts that are nutritious and delicious and a great addition to any diet. Groundnuts and ground coffee are examples of dehydrated nuts and seeds that provide a rich source of calories and other nutrients.
Fruits and vegetables can provide energy and many other health benefits. The trick is to learn the best combinations and to include them in your meals as often as possible. Combining foods from different cuisines, cultures and regions is a fun way to expand your knowledge of foods that provide energy. And don’t forget to add others to the list: whole grains, nuts, seeds and vegetables.
A good choice of food is a mix of proteins, carbohydrates, healthy fats, vitamins, minerals, and essential dietary fiber. This nutrient mixture makes up a complete nutrition package. With a little imagination you can turn any meal into a nourishment wonder. You can add variety to your meals and satisfy everyone at the same time by serving several kinds of carbs, proteins and vegetables at the same time. For example, a bowl of pasta, some salad greens, beans, tuna salad, some baked chicken and a glass of red wine or tea can provide the body with a complete nutritional breakfast. The dinner could be something simple like steamed broccoli, some baked potatoes and rice or a fish dinner with eggs, potatoes and carrots.
When people hear the word nutrition, they automatically think of fruits and vegetables. The truth is that a combination of all these types of substances is the best nutrition. It is interesting to note that the two most popular American substances when it comes to nourishment are coffee and alcohol. Almost every famous American star has a few drinks that are classified as a beverage. One drink that is often mistaken for another is tea, especially green tea.
Legumes are also the most nutritious food group. The difference between beans and peas is that beans are legumes and have greater soluble fiber content than peas. Beans can be used in a variety of ways such as in soups, stews and chili. They are also an excellent source of proteins, vitamins, minerals and essential dietary fiber. One cup of black beans can provide nearly 20% of the daily calories that the average person needs. There are many different legume species including: lentils, Lima beans, chickpeas, kidney beans, adzuki beans, garbanzo beans and pinto beans.